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A lawyer writing on a paperwork on his desk in front of his client.Partition by a private sale is a method of selling jointly owned property, either by joint tenants or tenants in common,  under the court’s supervision via a court order or a court-ordered referee. 

What is a partition lawsuit?

A partition action or a partition lawsuit is when one co-owner, or when one person with an interest in the property wants to sell the property, but the other co-owners or others with an interest in the property do not want to sell their ownership rights. 

Two lawyers having an agreement and signing a paperwork.Partition receivers and partition referees serve very similar roles in partition lawsuits. Their roles are to act as a third party with no ties to any of the co-owners interests in property via a partition lawsuit and to help the court and the judge to distribute the property or proceeds from the sale of the property fairly and equitably. Read on to find out the important differences between the two. 

What is a receiver?

A receiver on occasion assists the co-owners of the property, and the court in achieving a successful sale or appraisal for the property is partitioned. Receivers are court-appointed in California that oversee actions such as business disputes, divorce cases, judgment collection, and of course, real estate partition cases. 

A lawyer on his desk signing a document.When there is a court-ordered partition by division, there are several steps that both the court and parties take to ensure that the property is physically divided both equally and equitably. Read on to find out the different avenues the court takes when deciding a partition by division lawsuit. 

How does the Court Account for partition by Division?

First, the court operates on the assumed guideline that all parties should have the property divided in the most equal and equitable ways possible. The court in the Canepari v. Pascale court case found that there is a rebuttable presumption that the partitioned property should be equally divided. This means that if each co-owner or tenant holds a 50 percent interest in the property, then the property in question is divided as physically possible to a 50/50 divide. 

A courtroom full of empty chairs.Generally speaking, no, jury trials are not available in partition actions because partition action lawsuits are generally based on equity, and therefore do not need a jury trial to decide each party’s rights.

However, in some specific scenarios, it is within the court’s discretion to allow factual issues or claims to the property to be heard by a jury in an equitable action, as is the plaintiff’s constitutional right. Read on to find out the avenues in which jury trials are available for those seeking or defending partition action lawsuits. 

What is a partition action?

Books stacked on a desk with a lawyer's gravel.Pre- judgement interests are accrued interest on judgement amounts. Eminent domain is when the government “takes” private property for the public’s use and then owes fair and just compensation to the original private property owners. An eminent domain award is the court-ordered judgment amount that is based on the fair market value of the property owed to the private property owner. 

Generally speaking, eminent domain awards must be paid out to the private property owner before a property’s title can be transferred or the government can take physical possession of the property. Read on to understand what both pre-judgment interests are and eminent domain awards contain.

What is a pre-judgement interest?

An unbalanced scale on a deskUnless the guarantor has an interest in the property such as a joint tenancy, tenancy in common, or tenancy by the entirety, then no, a guarantor in the property can not sue for partition.

This seems complicated, but if you break down that a guarantor simply acts as collateral against a property mortgage and those who are eligible to bring a partition action lawsuit must have an actual interest in the property, it starts to make more sense. Read on to find out more about how these two concepts interact in the world of real estate law.

What is a guarantor?

While it is possible for a co-owner to lawfully adversely possess the other tenant’s interest in the property under California law, in practice it is quite difficult and cumbersome.

Can a co-owner lawfully adverse possess the other tenant’s interest in the property? Blog Image for Underwood Law FirmIf you co-own or are a co-tenant of a shared piece of real estate property, possession is not enough for the court to determine that the other party will lose their rights or their interest in your shared real estate property.

Read on to find out the elements that must be taken and proven in court to have a co-owner lawfully and successfully adversely possess the other tenants’ interest in the property. 

Justice scale placed on top of a Family Law book Yes, a third party who has an interest in the property at question may “join” in a family law proceeding. In some specific cases, a third party must “join” the family law proceeding.

California codified a third-party’s ability to participate in a family law proceeding to assert their interest in real estate by creating the joinder rules. These rules authorize who is allowed to join a family law proceeding other than the two spouses.

Who can join a family law proceeding?

Image of Gavel, and Constitution for blog image. ​​Can a property owner sue for inverse condemnation when the government refuses to permit development? Underwood Law FirmIn certain situations, it is possible for a property owner to sue the government for inverse condemnation when the government refuses to permit development, and that refusal results in a “taking” under the United States constitution. 

If the city, state, or federal government refuses to permit development, it must take away all or substantially all the reasonable use of the property in order to form the legal basis for an inverse condemnation lawsuit. Then, the basis for inverse condemnation is formed on the basis of the government’s refusal to permit development and this can be a powerful legal remedy for property owners.

The lack of reasonable use of the property is viewed with consideration of all of the impact on the personal land owner’s land, in order to substantiate an inverse condemnation claim against the government. 

Notice of Foreclosure image for Blog Can someone foreclose on a property during a partition action? Underwood Law FirmWhile the brief answer is “yes,” the issue is a bit complicated, like many things in the real estate litigation world. 

Who is a proper party to a partition action? 

Generally, any person claiming an interest in a piece of real estate must be joined in the action in order to fully settle all issues with respect to that property. If a person is not joined, then the court case is not binding, or res judicata, with respect to that person. As such, a partition action includes not only all title owners, but also any companies claiming a mortgage interest.