Articles Tagged with QPRT

underwood-qualified-personal-residence-trusts-300x300The purpose of this article is to explain what a Qualified Personal Residence Trust (QPRT) is. A QPRT is an irrevocable trust which allows the creator, the grantor, to move a home out of their personal estate. This is done to give the home to a future beneficiary with gift tax savings. This is important because a QPRT lets the homeowner stay in the house with a “retained interest” until the specified date. After that date, the remaining interest and ownership of the house transfers to the beneficiary. 

A QPRT trust must meet certain provisions: (1) all income generated by the trust must be given to the grantor at least annually (2) trust principal (money) will not be given to anyone besides the grantor before the term ends (3) the trust only holds one property with a reserved right of occupancy for the grantor (4) the trust cannot be terminated and its property cannot be distributed to beneficiaries before the end of the term (5) the residence must continually be the grantor’s primary residence (6) the house cannot become damaged or uninhabitable  unless it is repaired or replaced before two years or the term ends (6) the trust cannot be sold or transferred to anyone else during the term. (26 C.F.R. § 25.2702-5; Sohn v. United States (2024) 2024 WL 1182879, at *1.)

A taxpayer who owns a residence can, as the grantor, transfer the property with a deed. This deed must be recorded with the local property registry. This means the home is retitled in the trust’s name. The grantor keeps the right to live in the property which means the taxable value of the home to the trust is discounted under federal tax law. This is important because the longer the grantor stays in the home, the more it can be discounted. When the term ends, the beneficiary gets the residence outright or in “further trust” as asset protection. If the grantor wants to stay in the home, they can rent it at fair market value which allows them transfers more cash to the trust without being taxed. 

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